75 Years of Frank Lloyd Wright´s “Fallingwater”
Enduringly current, it is 75 years since the conception of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater, one of the most important works of modern architecture. Wright is one of the most celebrated North American architects and this, his most highly acclaimed work. UNESCO recognise the importance of the building, including it in their list of World Heritage Sites. The potential tourism that this beauty brings to Pennsylvania is around 160,000 people each year. It wasn’t until its restoration in 2002 that Fallingwater was returned to its original state, just as it was envisioned in 1935.
I will now move on to describe the timeline of developments which have taken place during the lifetime of this historical building:
- It was designed between 1934 and 1935 to be constructed in Bear Run Nature Reserve, redefining the relationship between man and his environment.
- It was the weekend residence of the Kaufmann family, a name by which this magnificent construction is also known. An interesting fact is that the son of the family studied architecture in the school where Wright himself was a teacher…
- Wright’s passion for Japanese architecture and its relationship with the environment encourages the use of the waterfall, which was initially intended to be an element for contemplation, as part of the structure itself, its force and echoes felt throughout the entire house.
- The chimney takes on the status of the heart of the house, around which the lives of its inhabitants revolve. It also offers the central verticality of the entire architectural structure.
- The foundations of the house are the very rocks of the place on which it stands, some of these protruding above the first floor level.
- The waterfall acquires such an importance in the composition that it is physically brought into the house itself.
- The interior spaces of the house are in harmony with the outside areas, through long terraces and steps which lead down to the water. This communication is strengthened through the intentionally low ceilings and strong horizontal lines, on both a large and smaller scale, in the interior of the composition.
- The perfection of all the details which make up this house are tarnished only by the permanent restoration works required at the location. Nevertheless, this is a magical environment, with the prevailing sense of harmony between the presence of man and his relationship with nature.
- Site Plan
Main House Floor Plans
- Main Floor
- Second Floor
- Third Floor
Sections and Elevations
- North/Sout Section
- East/West Section
- South Elevation